Robotic Vacuum Cleaners: How They Work and Why You Need One

Robotic vacuum cleaner, cleaning under a sofa.

In today’s fast-paced world, keeping our homes clean and tidy can be quite a challenge, especially for those with busy schedules. Thankfully, technological advancements have brought us a solution – robotic vacuum cleaners. These nifty gadgets have revolutionized the way we clean our homes, making it easier and more efficient. In this blog post, we will explore what robotic vacuum cleaners are, how they work, their advantages, potential challenges, and recommend the best options available to help you make an informed decision for a cleaner home.

What is a Robotic Vacuum Cleaner?

A robotic vacuum cleaner, also known as a robovac, is a smart home appliance designed to autonomously clean floors and carpets without human intervention. Unlike traditional vacuum cleaners, which require manual operation, a robovac can be programmed or controlled remotely to perform its cleaning tasks automatically.

How Robotic Vacuum Cleaners Work

Robotic vacuum cleaners are equipped with a combination of sophisticated sensors, intelligent software, and mechanical components to navigate and clean your home effectively. Here’s how they work:

  • Sensors: Robovacs are equipped with various sensors, such as infrared sensors, laser sensors, or cameras, which enable them to detect obstacles, cliffs, and changes in floor surfaces. These sensors act as their eyes, helping them map out the environment.
  • Navigation: Once turned on, the robotic vacuum cleaner uses the data from its sensors to create a virtual map of the room. Using advanced algorithms, it plans an efficient cleaning route, ensuring it covers all areas of the floor without missing spots.
  • Cleaning Mechanism: Robotic vacuum cleaners use brushes and suction to pick up dirt, debris, and pet hair from the floor and carpets. Some models come with additional features like mopping capabilities to provide a thorough cleaning experience.
  • Charging: When the battery level becomes low or when the cleaning task is complete, the robovac automatically returns to its charging dock. This feature ensures that it is always ready for the next cleaning session.

Advantages of Robotic Vacuum Cleaners

  1. Time-Saving: One of the most significant advantages of robotic vacuum cleaners is the time they save. You can schedule them to clean while you’re at work or sleeping, and return to a clean home without any effort.
  2. Convenience: Robovacs offer unparalleled convenience. With remote control and smart integration, you can start, stop, or schedule a cleaning session with just a few taps on your smartphone.
  3. Efficient Cleaning: Equipped with smart navigation and advanced algorithms, robotic vacuum cleaners efficiently clean every corner of your home, even under furniture and along walls.
  4. Low Maintenance: Robovacs are designed with easy-to-empty dustbins and washable filters, making maintenance a breeze.

Potential Challenges

Initial Investment: While the convenience and efficiency they offer are undoubtedly valuable, some robotic vacuum cleaners can come with a higher upfront cost compared to traditional vacuum cleaners.

Limited Capacity: Robotic vacuum cleaners have smaller dustbins compared to their manual counterparts, which means they might need to be emptied more frequently.

Complex Environments: Some robovacs may face difficulties navigating in extremely cluttered or complex home layouts.

Recommended Robotic Vacuum Cleaners

Eufy RoboVac 30C


  • Smart Navigation: Equipped with an advanced gyroscope and anti-collision infrared sensors, the Eufy RoboVac 30C navigates your home efficiently, avoiding obstacles and adjusting its path accordingly.
  • BoostIQ Technology: This feature automatically increases suction power when extra vacuuming strength is needed, ensuring thorough cleaning on carpets and hard floors.
  • Wi-Fi Connectivity: You can control and schedule cleaning sessions using the EufyHome app or via voice commands through Amazon Alexa or Google Assistant.
  • Triple-Filter System: The RoboVac 30C uses a three-layer high-performance filter to trap dust, pet hair, and allergens, making it ideal for homes with pets or allergy sufferers.
  • Slim Design: With its low-profile design, the RoboVac 30C easily glides under furniture, effectively cleaning hard-to-reach areas.

Ideal Usage: The Eufy RoboVac 30C is perfect for pet owners and households with mixed floor surfaces. Its powerful suction and smart navigation make it suitable for both carpets and hard floors. The Wi-Fi connectivity allows for convenient scheduling, and its slim design ensures comprehensive cleaning even in tight spaces.

iRobot Roomba i7+


  • Self-Emptying Dock: The iRobot Roomba i7+ comes with a Clean Base Automatic Dirt Disposal that automatically empties the vacuum’s bin for up to 60 days, making it a nearly hands-free cleaning solution.
  • Imprint Smart Mapping: This technology allows the Roomba i7+ to learn the layout of your home, enabling it to clean specific rooms on demand or set up virtual boundaries using the iRobot Home app.
  • High-Efficiency Filter: The Roomba i7+ features a high-efficiency filter that traps 99% of cat and dog allergens, making it an excellent choice for pet owners.
  • Dual Multi-Surface Rubber Brushes: The unique brushes work together to effectively clean both carpets and hard floors, lifting dirt and debris from various surfaces.
  • Recharge and Resume: If the vacuum’s battery runs low during a cleaning session, it automatically returns to the dock, recharges, and then resumes cleaning until the job is complete.

Ideal Usage: The iRobot Roomba i7+ is ideal for busy households with pet owners who want minimal maintenance. Its self-emptying feature reduces the hassle of emptying the dustbin frequently, and the smart mapping technology allows for targeted cleaning of specific rooms or areas. The vacuum’s versatility and ability to handle both carpets and hard floors make it suitable for various home environments.

Ecovacs Deebot N10


  • Smart App and Voice Control: The Ecovacs Deebot N10 can be controlled and scheduled through the Ecovacs Home app or via voice commands with Amazon Alexa or Google Assistant.
  • Max Mode: With the Max Mode feature, the Deebot N10 boosts its suction power to handle stubborn dirt and debris, providing a deeper clean when needed.
  • Anti-Collision and Drop Sensors: The vacuum is equipped with sensors to avoid obstacles and prevent falls, ensuring safe and efficient navigation.
  • Selective Cleaning Modes: The Deebot N10 offers various cleaning modes, including Auto, Spot, and Edge mode, allowing you to customise the cleaning pattern for specific areas in your home.
  • Long Battery Life: With up to 100 minutes of runtime, the Deebot N10 can cover larger areas without needing frequent recharging.

Ideal Usage: The Ecovacs Deebot N10 is an excellent choice for those looking for a budget-friendly robotic vacuum cleaner with a decent set of features. Its smart app and voice control make it easy to operate, and the Max Mode ensures thorough cleaning of high-traffic areas. The selective cleaning modes cater to various cleaning needs, making it suitable for apartments and smaller homes with hard floors and low to medium-pile carpets.


Robotic vacuum cleaners have undoubtedly transformed the way we approach home cleaning, providing us with a convenient, efficient, and time-saving solution. With their intelligent technology and diverse features, they offer a hassle-free cleaning experience, ensuring your floors are always sparkling clean. While there might be some challenges to consider, the advantages outweigh them, making a robotic vacuum cleaner a worthwhile investment for any modern household. Choose one of the recommended models, and say goodbye to manual vacuuming – your future self will thank you for it!

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